Occupational therapy (OT) helps people work on cognitive, physical, social, and motor skills. The goal is to improve everyday skills which allow people to become more independent and participate in a wide range of activities. For people with autism, OT programs often focus on play skills, learning strategies, and self-care. OT strategies can also help to manage sensory issues. The evaluation will also identify any obstacles that prevent the person from participating in any typical day-to-day activities. Based on this evaluation, the therapist creates goals and strategies that will allow the person to work on key skills. Occupational therapy usually involves 45mints of sessions. The number of sessions per week is based on individual needs.
The person with autism may also practice these strategies and skills outside of therapy sessions at home and in other settings including school.